The journey to parenthood can be an exciting time, but for some couples, infertility can bring forward unexpected challenges. Although not much discussed, male infertility is a contributing factor in roughly 40% of infertility cases. Thus, often leaving men feeling confused and unsure of their options.

Male infertility is nothing to be ashamed of. Just like other fertility issues, this can too be treated. We at Genova IVF and Fertility Centre have experts specializing in Male infertility treatment, hence, delivering great results and helping couples start their families.

What is Male Infertility?

Male infertility is defined as the inability to achieve pregnancy after one year of regular, unprotected intercourse. Several factors can contribute to male infertility, including:

  • Sperm Production Issues: Low sperm count, abnormal sperm morphology (shape), or poor sperm motility (movement) can hinder fertilization.

  • Varicocele: Enlarged veins in the scrotum can raise scrotal temperature, impacting sperm production.

  • Hormonal Imbalances: Testosterone deficiency or other hormonal issues can affect sperm quality.

  • Undescended Testicles: A condition where one or both testicles fail to descend into the scrotum during development can impair sperm production.

  • Blockages: Blockages in the vas deferens (tubes that carry sperm) can prevent sperm from reaching the ejaculate.

  • Lifestyle Factors: Unhealthy habits like smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, and drug use can negatively impact sperm health.

Diagnosing Male Infertility

A comprehensive evaluation is crucial for identifying the underlying cause to design the best male infertility treatment plan. Genova IVF and Fertility Centre offers a range of diagnostic options, including:

  • Semen Analysis: This semen analysis test price sperm count, motility, morphology, and other parameters to assess sperm health.

  • Hormonal Testing: Blood tests can measure testosterone and other hormone levels to identify any imbalances.

  • Physical Examination: A thorough physical exam may reveal potential anatomical abnormalities.

  • Scrotal Ultrasound: This imaging test can detect varicocele or other issues affecting the testicles.

Exploring Male Infertility Treatment Options

Following a diagnosis, Genova IVF and Fertility Centre will recommend a personalized treatment plan based on your specific needs. Here’s an overview of some common treatment approaches:

Lifestyle Modifications:

  • Diet and Exercise: Maintaining a healthy weight and adopting a balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains can improve sperm health. Regular exercise also promotes overall well-being.

  • Smoking Cessation: Smoking significantly reduces sperm quality. Quitting smoking is one of the most effective ways to improve male fertility.

  • Limiting Alcohol and Drugs: Excessive alcohol consumption and recreational drug use can negatively impact sperm production. Moderation or abstinence is often recommended.


  • Hormone Replacement Therapy: Testosterone replacement therapy can address hormonal imbalances that contribute to low sperm count.

  • Antibiotics: If an infection is identified as a cause of infertility, antibiotics may be prescribed to clear the infection and improve sperm health.

Surgical Procedures:

  • Varicocelectomy: This minimally invasive surgery corrects varicocele by repairing enlarged veins in the scrotum.

  • Vasovasotomy or Vasectomy Reversal: This procedure reverses a previous vasectomy, allowing sperm to flow naturally into the ejaculate.

  • Sperm Retrieval Techniques: In cases of severe blockage or low sperm production, surgical sperm retrieval techniques like microsurgical testicular sperm extraction (tmeses) may be necessary to retrieve sperm for assisted reproductive technologies (ART) like IUI or IVF.

Considering Treatment Options

The choice of male infertility treatment depends on various factors like the cause of infertility, severity, and personal preferences. Our team of specialists will guide you through these options, discuss the success rates, and answer any questions you may have. We believe in shared decision-making and will empower you to choose the treatment that aligns with your goals and comfort level.

Living with Hope and Support


Male infertility can be emotionally challenging, but it’s important to know you’re not alone. We provide a supportive environment and access to a network of specialists to guide you throughout the treatment journey. Men’s support groups can also be a valuable resource for sharing experiences and finding emotional support from others facing similar challenges.